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Understanding Perpetual Futures

What are Perpetual Futures?

Perpetual Futures are a type of derivative contract in the decentralized world of cryptocurrency trading. They are similar to traditional futures contracts but with a key difference: Perpetual Futures do not have an expiration date. This means that traders can hold their position for as long as they want without worrying about the contract expiring.
Allowing traders to speculate on the price of an underlying asset, such as Bitcoin, without actually owning the asset. By using leverage, traders can control a large position with a relatively small amount of capital. In a perpetual future contract, a trader can go long, meaning they expect the price of the underlying asset to rise, or short, meaning they expect the price to fall.
For example, imagine Alice believes that the price of Bitcoin will increase in the near future. She enters into a perpetual future contract with a leverage of 10x, meaning for every $1 she invests, she controls $10 worth of Bitcoin. If the price of Bitcoin rises by 10%, Alice will make a profit of $1, which is 10% of her $10 investment. On the other hand, if the price of Bitcoin falls by 10%, Alice will suffer a loss of $1. It's important to note that with leverage comes risk, and traders must be careful to manage their positions to avoid significant losses.

Why use Perpetual Futures?

  • Perpetual futures offers a flexible and convenient way to trade underlying assets
  • Hedging against price movements and managing asset exposure is possible
  • Ease of leverage trading
  • No pre-specified delivery date required, reducing the need for constant position management.
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